MySQL 自動備份 Shell Script

A working mysql backup script – explains how to backup MySQL Database Server using a cron job under UNIX or Linux like operating systems. …

建立一個自動備份資料庫的 shell script

$ vim /home/max/backup.sh

輸入:

#!/bin/bash

myHost="localhost"
myUser="database-user"
myPass="databaes-password"
myDB="MY_DB"

backup_path="/home/max/mysql_bak/"
date=$(date +"%Y%m%d")
sql_file=$backup_path"myDB."$date".sql"

echo "mysqldump..."
mysqldump -h $myHost -u $myUser -p$myPass $myDB > $sql_file
echo $sql_file

echo "gzip..."
gzip -f $sql_file

設定檔案擁有者為 max,並加上執行權限
$ chmod +x /home/max/backup.sh

加進 crontab 設定每日早上5:00執行
$ vim /etc/crontab

加上這行:
0 5 * * * max /home/max/backup.sh

 


如果需要備份多個資料庫,參考看看這個網友的Shell script:

以前是直接將所有資料庫匯出成一個 sql 檔,當其中一個資料庫有問題時,因為沒問題的資料庫不想有改動,要復原資料很麻煩。修改shell script 為 mysqldump 將所有資料庫匯出成獨立 sql 備份檔,然後用 gzip 壓縮成 .gz 檔案。程式會儲存 5 天的備份,當有新備份時,最舊的備份會自動刪除。

使用方法:
修改 db_user, db_passwd 及 db_host 修改成你的 mysql 登入資料,所使用的用戶權限需要與 mysql root 相同。backup_dir 修改成你希望儲存備份的目錄。

最後只要把程式加入 crontab 排程自動執行即可。

#!/bin/sh
# mysql_backup.sh: backup mysql databases and keep newest 5 days backup.
#
# Last updated: 20 March 2006
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# This is a free shell script under GNU GPL version 2.0 or above
# Copyright (C) 2006 Sam Tang
# Feedback/comment/suggestions : http://www.real-blog.com/
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------

# your mysql login information
# db_user is mysql username
# db_passwd is mysql password
# db_host is mysql host
# -----------------------------
db_user="root"
db_passwd=""
db_host="localhost"

# the directory for story your backup file.
backup_dir=""

# date format for backup file (dd-mm-yyyy)
time="$(date +"%d-%m-%Y")"

# mysql, mysqldump and some other bin's path
MYSQL="$(which mysql)"
MYSQLDUMP="$(which mysqldump)"
MKDIR="$(which mkdir)"
RM="$(which rm)"
MV="$(which mv)"
GZIP="$(which gzip)"

# check the directory for store backup is writeable
test ! -w $backup_dir && echo "Error: $backup_dir is un-writeable." && exit 0

# the directory for story the newest backup
test ! -d "$backup_dir/backup.0/" && $MKDIR "$backup_dir/backup.0/"

# get all databases
all_db="$($MYSQL -u $db_user -h $db_host -p$db_passwd -Bse 'show databases')"

for db in $all_db
do
	$MYSQLDUMP -u $db_user -h $db_host -p$db_passwd $db | $GZIP -9 > "$backup_dir/backup.0/$time.$db.gz"
done

# delete the oldest backup
test -d "$backup_dir/backup.5/" && $RM -rf "$backup_dir/backup.5"

# rotate backup directory
for int in 4 3 2 1 0
do
	if(test -d "$backup_dir"/backup."$int")
	then
		next_int=`expr $int + 1`
		$MV "$backup_dir"/backup."$int" "$backup_dir"/backup."$next_int"
	fi
done

exit 0;

Delete files older than 10 days using shell script in Unix

find is the common tool for this kind of task :

find ./my_dir -mtime +10 -type f -delete

EXPLANATIONS

  • ./my_dir your directory (replace with your own)
  • -mtime +10 older than 10 days
  • -type f only files
  • -delete no surprise. Remove it to test your find filter before executing the whole command

And take care that ./my_dir exists to avoid bad surprises !

這個指令很神奇,要很小心!請先測試沒有 -delete 看看那些檔案會被找到,有沒有多找,也許會刪到預期之外的檔案。

 

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