[java] How do I send an HTML email?

As per the Javadoc, the MimeMessage#setText() sets a default mime type of text/plain, while you need text/html. Rather use MimeMessage#setContent() instead.

message.setContent(someHtmlMessage, "text/html; charset=utf-8");

Note that the HTML should not contain the <html><head> or <body>. Gmail will ignore it. See also CSS support in mail clients.


Create Java Class

Create a java class file SendHTMLEmail, the contents of which are as follows:

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.Properties;

import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;

public class SendHTMLEmail {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      // Recipient's email ID needs to be mentioned.
      String to = "[email protected]";

      // Sender's email ID needs to be mentioned
      String from = "[email protected]";
      final String username = "manishaspatil";//change accordingly
      final String password = "******";//change accordingly

      // Assuming you are sending email through relay.jangosmtp.net
      String host = "relay.jangosmtp.net";

      Properties props = new Properties();
      props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
      props.put("mail.smtp.starttls.enable", "true");
      props.put("mail.smtp.host", host);
      props.put("mail.smtp.port", "25");

      // Get the Session object.
      Session session = Session.getInstance(props,
         new javax.mail.Authenticator() {
            protected PasswordAuthentication getPasswordAuthentication() {
               return new PasswordAuthentication(username, password);
            }
	});

      try {
            // Create a default MimeMessage object.
            Message message = new MimeMessage(session);

   	   // Set From: header field of the header.
	   message.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));

	   // Set To: header field of the header.
	   message.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO,
              InternetAddress.parse(to));

	   // Set Subject: header field
	   message.setSubject("Testing Subject");

	   // Send the actual HTML message, as big as you like
	   message.setContent(
              "<h1>This is actual message embedded in HTML tags</h1>",
             "text/html");

	   // Send message
	   Transport.send(message);

	   System.out.println("Sent message successfully....");

      } catch (MessagingException e) {
	   e.printStackTrace();
	   throw new RuntimeException(e);
      }
   }
}

As we are using the SMTP server provided by the host provider JangoSMTP, we need to authenticate the username and password. The javax.mail.PasswordAuthentication class is used to authenticate the password.

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